The General Assembly (GA) is one of the six main organs of the United Nations. The GA is unique in that all member states are represented in this forum based on a one-nation, one vote principle. The General Assembly discusses a wide range of issues concerning international development, sustainability, peace, humanitarian issues and security.
Topic A: Global solutions to human trafficking in regions of conflict
Human trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, harbouring or receipt of persons for the purpose of exploitation. Human trafficking encompasses sexual exploitation, forced labour, modern slavery and organ trafficking. Each year, thousands of men, women and children become victims of such crimes. Human trafficking is a grave human rights violation that is multifaceted and transnational. Every country is affected in some way by human trafficking, either by the origin, transit or destination of its victims. People in conflict regions are especially vulnerable to this kind of exploitation. The complex nature of human trafficking asks for a multilateral response. The task of the General Assembly is to formulate global solutions to human trafficking from conflict areas.
Topic B: Water security as a means to stabilize the Sahel Region.
The Sahel is a climatic region in the Northern part of the African continent, reaching from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Red Sea in the east. Countries such as Mali, Nigeria, Eritrea, Sudan and Somalia all belong to the Sahel.The Sahel has been a region of conflict for decades. Many efforts have been made to stabilize the region, but this has not been successful. The Sahel has a dry climate of which the negative effects are increased by climate change. Water scarcity is a reality for many in this region. In the past years, there has been a rise in attention for the water-security nexus, viewing water security as a crucial aspect for maintaining or creating peace. Situations of water stress can trigger conflict by leading to civil unrest, violence and exploitation, while water access can be an opportunity for negotiating peace.
In an effort to create opportunities for regional and national peace in the Sahel, the General Assembly is asked to negotiate water security in this region.